Cat 6 cabling

Why Cat5e Cabling expensive as compared to Cat6



Cat5e Cabling no doubt has been one of the most popular Network cabling media in the last 5 years. However, due to changing times and needs, a more efficient Cable called Cat6 has replaced Cat5e as the most popular Cabling media. With the advent of 10GBASE-T, a higher performing category 6 or category 6a has become the need of the hour. Cat5e has certain limitations as it cannot support 10Gg/s for a distance over 15-20 meter while Cat6 can go upto 60 meters while Cat6a can support 10GB/second over a distance of 100 meters. Apart from the data carrying capacity, Cat 6 has a tighter twist in the cables, which allows for two-way communication on each pair of wires, where Cat 5e does not allow this feature. Compared with Cat 5e, Category 6 features more stringent specifications for crosstalk and system noise.

As per an independent survey from a top cabling infrastructure company called Seimon, the total cost of ownership for cat5e is high as compared to cat6 or Augmented cat6 cable. Several factors such as the Lifecycle of the system, deployment cost and future-proofing exercise makes cat5 cabling a non-viable solution in today’s time. Contact us for all types of Cat5e and Cat6 Cabling services for your business in the Greater Toronto Area.

Wireless local area network grew by 4.5% in Q1

The over all picture for Worldwide WLAN market looks pretty rosy as the market grew by 4.5 percent year-on-year in the first quarter, according to an IDC study. The growth has been attributed to number of factors including better economic situation, refresh cycles, greater availability of Wave 2 802.11ac products, and continued fulfillment of e-rate contracts in the education vertical in the United States. There has been a marked improvement on 802.11ac standard being adopted by many new users with enterprise segment doing better than consumer market. The news will overall boost Structured cabling and Wireless Networking market worldwide.

As per IDC, From a geographic perspective, the enterprise WLAN market once again saw its strongest growth rates in Asia/Pacific (excluding Japan)(APeJ), which saw 14.8% year-over-year growth in 4Q15 and 11.3% for the full year 2015. Within the APeJ region, China increased 41.4% in 4Q15 and 16.5% for the full year 2015. India also showed strong growth with a 41.9% jump in 4Q15 and 39.3% increase for the full year 2015. The Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) region saw a healthy 10.7% increase year over year in 4Q15 after a tepid 3Q15. This strong performance helped propel EMEA to a 5.1% growth rate for the full year 2015. Spain, United Arab Emirates, and Netherland all saw growth in excess of 30% year over year in 4Q15. Latin America reversed its declines from 3Q15, growing 0.2% year over year in 4Q15. For the full year 2015, Latin America increased 7.8%. North America was essentially flat on a quarterly and full year basis, growing 0.2% year over year in 4Q15 and 0.4% for the full year.

Fiber Cabling Installation

Installation of a Fiber cabling System can be a great addition to your network Infrastructure. One of the most important things to consider when beginning this task is the method in which to protect the delicate fiber optic cable from potentially harmful environment variables. Generally , an inner-duct is used to house and protect the fiber cable. The inner duct is a corrugated HDPE tube that surrounds the cable acting as a shield for damages and reinforcing the bend radius of the Cable. While this method is extremely effective in the protection of your cable, it is also a more time-consuming task. This is because the inner duct must first be installed throughout the facility that the fiber cable will be going into. Once the innerduct is fully installed, it is then time to install Fiber optic cable.

Fiber cabling installation

Thе fіbеr optic саblе іѕ рullеd thrоugh thе іnnеrduсt, іnѕtаllеd and tеrmіnаtеd аѕ usual. Tо sum uр thіѕ рrосеѕѕ, уоu аrе basically реrfоrmіng two іnѕtаllаtіоnѕ: thе іnѕtаllаtіоn fоr thе fіbеr орtіс саblе and thе іnѕtаllаtіоn fоr thе protective inner duct. Althоugh іnnеrduсt is a grеаt, rеlіаblе іnvеѕtmеnt for cable рrоtесtіоn, thе above mentioned fасtоrѕ can еԛuаtе tо hіghеr іnѕtаllаtіоn costs. Not оnlу do you рау mоrе fоr thе рhуѕісаl inner duct mаtеrіаl, thе tіmе іt tаkеѕ tо install the іnnеrduсt also рrеѕеntѕ аddіtіоnаl tіmе аnd lаbоr costs. Wоuldn’t it bе easier and lеѕѕ expensive іf thе орtіс cable соuld be installed wіth its оwn buіlt іn protective ѕhіеld? Wеll the gооd nеwѕ іѕ іt саn bе. Armоrеd fіbеr орtіс cable іѕ аvаіlаblе аѕ an аltеrnаtіvе tо using аn inner duct. With armored fіbеr, thеrе іѕ nо nееd for multірlе соnѕtruсtіоn рrосеѕѕеѕ. The аrmоrеd fiber іѕ made wіth multірlе layers оf protection аnd еxtrа rеіnfоrсіng іn thе cable hоuѕіng tо рrеvеnt dаmаgе. Armоrеd fіbеr саblе оffеrѕ:

  • Elеvаtеd allowable рullіng tеnѕіоn
  • Automatically uрhеld bеnd radius
  • Physical rеѕіѕtаnсе tо crushing and аbrаѕіоn

Bаѕісаllу, armored fіbеr саblе rеtаіnѕ juѕt аѕ muсh рrоtесtіоn reliability as wіth аn іnnеrduсt, but for роtеntіаllу lеѕѕ mоnеу аnd construction tіmе. Hоwеvеr, every rоѕе has іtѕ thоrn, bу сhооѕіng to use аrmоrеd fіbеr you mіght bе ѕаvіng tіmе and money, but сеrtаіn sacrifices must bе mаdе аѕ well. Whеn уоu іnѕtаll аn innerduct, оnе of thе main bеnеfіtѕ is thаt it іѕ a саblіng раthwау and саn be rеuѕеd should уоu nееd to rерlасе the саblе or add nеw fіbеr сарасіtу. If thе іnnеrduсt has nоt rеасhеd іtѕ fill ratio, thе additional space lеft wіthіn the іnnеrduсt allows for another саblе tо be run through thе existing іnnеrduсt thеrеbу mаxіmіzіng уоur investment. Shоuld уоu need tо dо the same thіng with аrmоrеd саblе, уоu wіll incur thе соѕt of hаvіng tо buу аnd іnѕtаll nеw аrmоrеd саblе, which is mоrе еxреnѕіvе thаn ѕtаndаrd fiber optic саblе.

Imроrtаnt thіngѕ tо соnѕіdеr:

It is important tо соnѕіdеr thіѕ whеn making the dесіѕіоn on whether tо gо wіth armored fіbеr саblе оr іnnеrduсt. Whіlе both аrе еxсеllеnt mеthоdѕ оf саblе рrоtесtіоn, it іѕ essential tо аnаlуzе your fіbеr саblіng needs fоr both thе рrеѕеnt аnd the futurе, аnd make уоur сhоісе based оn whаt уоur ѕресіfіс rеԛuіrеmеntѕ аrе, mаkіng ѕurе to рlаn for роtеntіаl сhаngеѕ that mау occur іnvоlvіng уоur fіbеr орtіс network infrastructure.

Structured Cabling vs Point to Point Cabling

Network Cabling requires a good amount of careful planning and execution and therefore Structured Cabling is always recommended over Point to Point Cabling. Structured cabling is a planned cabling system that systematically set your essential communications mediums including voice, data, video, multimedia, security and control for today and the future.

Point to Point cabling on the other hand is a cabling system that connects one point of communication to other. Or in other words its a cabling system which connect one switch, server or storage unit directly to another switch, server or storage unit. Point-to-point cabling system is an ideal solution for small set up or less number of connections. However companies with high number of usage should only go with Structured Cabling.

With Structured Cabling, you get the flexibility to accommodate moves, adds and changes hence maximizing performance and availability and also redundancy.  Point to Point works on principle of install as required with no structured system.


Happy Holidays and a wonderful 2016

Happy Holidays

Cabling Hub had a great year in 2015 and we sincerely hope it would have been great for all our Customers. We completed hundreds of new Installations for Network and Phone cabling this year and hope to do even better in 2016. On behalf of cabling Hub, we wish all our customers Happy Holidays and Wonderful New year!

New Data Speed Record – 31 Terabits-per-second

Bell Labs has created a new Data speed transfer record by sending data at the speed of 31 Terabits-per-second (Tbps) along 7200km; three times faster than previous commercially-available cables. This was achieved over a span of 100km (the distance between amplifiers.) Philippe Keryer, Chief Strategy & Innovation Officer of Alcatel-Lucent said: “Undersea fiber-optic transmission is integral to the digital economy, delivering vast amounts of video and data between countries, regions and continents.” The test made use of Bell Labs incredible work into single-carrier data channels which can transmit at 200 Gigabit per second (Gbps).

Why Cat 6 Cabling Getting popular

Most of our clients wants all new data cabling done on on Cat 6 also called Category 6 . Why is Cat 6 getting so popular as compared to Cat5e.  Here is the reason why?

Cat6 cables or Cat6 cables, provide lower crosstalk, a higher signal-to-noise ratio, and are suitable for 10GBASE-T (10-Gigabit Ethernet), while Cat5e cables support only up to 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet). Offcourse both cables have a limit of 90 metres or 300 feet but Cat 6 is better speed with higher SNR. On the cost side, Category 6 cables are around 15-25% more expensive compared with Cat5e cables.

For Cat 6 cabling, contact us for fast and reliable services.

Know Fiber Optic Cabling

Fiber Optic Cabling 

Imagine a strand of optically pure glass as thin as a human hair being able to carry digital information for miles and miles. It’s true, Cabling Hub has the technology. A single optical fiber has a thin glass center where light travels. Covering the glass is an outer optical material that surrounds the inner core and reflects the light back into the core. On the exterior of the wire, there is a buffer coat to protect the fragile fiber from moisture and damage.

Fiber optic cabling transmits light through the fiber and functions as a waveguide, or “light pipe.” This type of wire is used for communication links where high power must be transmitted and is more complex than electrical wire or cable. A major benefit of fiber optic cabling is that it is immune to electromagnetic interference and is specially designed for higher bandwidths (data rates) than other types of cables.

There are two types of fiber optic cabling and the main difference between the two cables is the core diameter.; single-mode fibers and multi-mode fibers. Single-mode fibers transmit infrared laser light through a smaller core. Multi-mode fibers transmit infrared light produced from light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and have a larger core. The optical fibers are ideal as a medium for telecommunication and computer networking because they are flexible and can be bundled together.

The light in fiber optic cabling is constantly bouncing or reflecting from the cladding within the wire, or mirror-lined walls. This causes the light to travel freely through the core because the cladding does not absorb any of the cores light. Without interruption, the light wave in the cable can travel great distances.

This intricate type of cable is perfect for applications like the Internet, telephone systems and cable TV, transmitting data. In order for the cable transmission to complete, it needs to be connected to the other main components in a fiber optic system. A fiber optic system consists of the following:

Optical fiber cabling- Conducts the light signals over a distance

Transmitter – Produces and encodes light signals

Optical regenerator – May be necessary to boost the light signal (for long distances)

Optical receiver – Receives and decodes light signals

The transmitter generates a light signal by receiving and directing the optical device to turn the light on and off in the correct sequence. It is physically close to the fiber optic cabling and may even focus the light into the fiber with a lens.

An optical regenerator can be spliced along the cable to boost any degraded signals of light by emitting a new, stronger light signal with the same characteristics as the incoming weak light signal. Optical receivers are the ultimate destination for the light in the system. The receiver decodes the signal using a photocell or photodiode and sends the electrical signal to the other user’s computer, TV or telephone.

Fiber optic cables are becoming more common because they meet the needs of even the most demanding data communications, voice and video networks. While more expensive than other types of cables, they are increasingly being used instead of traditional copper cables due to the fact that they offer more ultra high speed Internet capacity and are less susceptible to electrical interference.

Use of fiber optic cabling to connect central offices and long distance switches has thousands of times the bandwidth of copper wire and can carry signals hundreds of times further before needing a repeater. Fiber gives greater reliability in an industrial environment because electromagnetic interference (EMI) is often a big problem.

Industrial equipment, like motors, relays and welders, generate a tremendous amount of electrical noise that can be the source of problems with copper cabling, especially with unshielded cable like Cat 5. It is commonly necessary to pull copper cable through conduit to provide adequate shielding in these environments. However, fiber optic cabling can provide complete immunity to EMI and can be installed easily from point to point, passing right next to major sources of EMI with no effect.

Copper networks can easily be converted with media converters, or gadgets that change most types of systems to fiber optics. Fiber optic networks will be less than copper run in conduit, even with the cost of the media converters. When it comes to cost, looking at the cabling component prices may not be a good way to analyze total network expenses. Instead, consider the total system and you may find fiber looks a lot more attractive.

Cabling Hub is the most experienced and well established fiber optic installation company servicing  Toronto and the surrounding areas. We specialize in the complete installation of business and residential communication systems with structured cabling design and infrastructure. We build scalable networks that will meet your company’s demands for many years in the future.



Data cabling for effective and robust communication

Communication is one of those aspects, which are essential to run business successfully. For effective communication, structured  and efficient data cabling is important factor as it provides robust connectivity for all your Digital electronic devices including Servers, Systems, printers, scanners, modems, etc.

In general data transfer can achieved through various medias including Wireless, Cat5e or Cat6 Network Cables, Coaxial cables or even fibre Optics.

Fiber optical data cabling normally is required where is there heavy demand for data usage such as Data Centers  Educational institutions, Hospitals with scanning capabilities, Video conferencing etc. Fiber optical cables are made by fiber glass, in the center of cable there is a glass core, covered by the insulation materials to allow transmitting light signals at superior speeds. These cables are light in weight with wide range of bandwidth frequency and low attenuation. In addition, fiber optical data cabling structures are extremely secure and safe to use.

Generally coaxial data cabling used for long distance Ethernet connections. Coaxial cables are made by copper wires, in core of these cables a copper conductor placed with a layer of insulator that separates the conductor from the metal shield cover. The metal shield protects the transmitting signals from the outer interference of weather, motors noise, and other devices intrusions. Coaxial cables are used in long distance connections as these cables are flexible, light weight and economical in cost. These cables come in two basic types, a 12 mm and a 6mm in diameter, the 12 mm cable is also known as standard ethernet cable as it was utilized for a long time in Ethernet networks.

With exponential increase in data usage, data transfer mediums are becoming more and more challenging. The Data cabling manufacturing companies are coming up with more unique products with amazing bandwidth capabilities trying to cope up with ever increasing demand of internet speeds. Contact us if you are looking to expand on install data, voice or fibre optic cabling services.

Cat5e and Cat6 cables

Cat5e and Cat 6 are currently the most popular Cables being used for data transmission. For Cat5E, “E” stands for enhanced.

cat6 cabling

CAT6 is the 6th generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling and has tighter twist that makes the ability to transfer more data. Cat6 can handle a lot of data throughput than Cat5e.  It also has a separator helps in keeping equal spacing between pairs. CAT6 supports Gigabit (1000 Mbps) Ethernet and supports communications at more than twice the speed of Cat5e. Installers should make sure that when punching Cat6 cable, they should be able to retain the twist as close to the termination as possible for faster data transfer. Because the conductor sizes are generally the same, Cat 6 jacks may also be used with Cat 5e cable. Both cables have four cable pairs which is standard for all data cables these days. Cat5 is the 5th generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling and was designed for transmission speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second (Gigabit Ethernet). The maximum length for CAT5e cable is pegged at 100m or around 300 beyond that you would need repeaters. Both Standard cables comes with PVC jacket. PVC jacket cables are not allowed for plenum rated ceilings. For Plenum rated office, you would need Cat5e and Cat6 FT4 or FT6 which has fire resistant jacket and not produce toxic fumes when there is first in the building.

Now the question which cable should I use cat5e or Cat6. If you plan to lease the building for a shorter period of time say 2-3 years, go for Cat5e cabling because it is very inexpensive, however if you plan a long term stay or buying a unit, we would always recommend Cat6 which has faster rate of data transmission. Category 6 will be very effective in the residential market to support higher Internet access speeds while facilitating the more stringent Class B EMC requirements. Cat6 offers greater transmission performance and better immunity from external noise and disturbances. The devices working on Cat6 would have fewer errors and data loss or data corruption as compared to Cat5.